Cherokee County is North Carolina's western most county, located in the southern tip of the Great Smoky Mountains and bordered by the states of Tennessee and Georgia. We are within two hours driving distance from four major metropolitan cities. Our county is rich in natural beauty with many lakes, rivers, streams and mountains. The moderate weather our county enjoys is conducive to year around living. Friendly folks and mountain hospitality await all who visit and makes Cherokee County an ideal place to live, work and play.
Cherokee County History
Cherokee County was formed in 1839 from a part of Macon County, and is North Carolina’s western most county, bordered by the states of Tennessee and Georgia, and located in the southern tip of the Great Smokey Mountains. Cherokee County was named to honor the Cherokee Indians who inhabited this area before being removed and relocated to Oklahoma in 1838. Those who escaped removal to Oklahoma now live on the Cherokee Indian reservation in Cherokee, N.C. Cherokee County has a historical museum, displaying over 2000 authentic Indian artifacts discovered in Cherokee County (The museum is located next door to the Courthouse).
President Andrew Jackson approved the Indian Removal Act of 1830; which provided removal of all Indians to Oklahoma. In 1835, the New Echota Removal Treaty was signed and plans were executed to remove the Cherokee Indians. Many Indians defied the government and went into hiding in the wilderness of the Blue Ridge Mountains, now known as Cherokee, NC Indian Reservation. Under the New Echota Removal Treaty of 1835, over 17,000 Indians were removed from NC, TN, KY, Ill, Ms, and Arkansas to Oklahoma. It was a miserable road that the Cherokee endured for 6 long months in the bitter cold. 1 out of every 4 Indians died on the march. This long, sad journey is known as the Trail of Tears.
Cherokee County is comprised of two towns; the town of Andrews, and the town of Murphy. Murphy is the County Seat for Cherokee County, and was named after Archibald D. Murphy, who was a Senator and advocate for education in Western North Carolina. Cherokee County is in the 11th Congressional District, 50th Senate District, and the 120th Representative District.
Historical Cherokee County Courthouse
The historical Cherokee County Courthouse was built in 1927, after a fire destroyed the previous brick courthouse on January 16, 1926. The Classical Revival Style courthouse was designed by architect James J. Baldwin, and built by James Fanning, Incorporated. The cost of construction was $200,000.00. The courthouse is constructed of Blue Marble that was actually quarried locally in the Marble community of Cherokee County. The Cherokee County Courthouse was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1979. Cherokee County has had 4 previous courthouses; three of them were burned. The Cherokee County Courthouse will soon undergo a long overdue renovation and expansion project. Please follow the progress under our News and Updates page.
Source: Retrieved from "Cherokee County, North Carolina" at http://www.cherokeecounty-nc.gov/index.aspx?page=40 .